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GRE写作备考之修辞句子内容

  • 责任编辑:candy.geng
  • 来源:互联网
  • 时间:2019-12-02 14:28:19

  修辞是在各种文章里常见的一种表现手法,它可以使文章更形象生动,更具表现力。gre写作方法, gre考试有什么用在GRE写作中运用修辞手法可以使文章更具有张力,更容易使考官眼前一亮,从而给出较高的分数。今天天道小编就为大家分享一些GRE写作常用的11种修辞。

  GRE写作经典句子之11种修辞;

  1. Simile:(明喻)It is a figure of speech which makes a comparison between two unlike elements having at least one quality or characteristic in common. To make the comparison, words like as, as……as, as if and like are used to transfer the quality we associate with one to the other.For example, As cold waters to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country.

  2. Metaphor:(暗喻)It is like a simile, also makes a comparison between two unlike elements, but unlike a simile, this comparison is implied rather than stated.For example, the world is a stage.

  以上两种的喻类修辞比较简单,在运用的时候想到什么适合的本体和喻体就可以进行“喻”。

  3. Analogy: (类比)It is also a form of comparison, but unlike simile or metaphor which usually uses comparison on one point of resemblance, analogy draws a parallel between two unlike things that have several common qualities or points of resemblance.

  类比的学习最好的老师就是Argument,阿狗里面的false analogy类比很多都是我们钻牛角尖的找出来的,gre写作方法, gre考试有什么用但是,实际上我们很多的情况下再无话可说的时候都可以运用类比,gre写作方法, gre备考要多久比如说,我们在讨论政府职能的时候,假如我们不了解政府职能,我们可以从我们了解的组织谈起,比如我们可以讨论班级,学校,公司,或者一些大型小型组织,从一个具体的问题到另一个问题而避免谈一些不熟悉的问题。

  具体的陈述可以如下开展类似:

  When comes to the issue of empowerment

  1. This point can be better illustrated by comparing a class(你熟悉的) with a business(你不熟悉的)。 然后business bla bla…

  2.Teachers who possess power and exert it to conduct class play a similar role as business managers do. 然后,只讨论课堂不讨论商业了  例如~  Student who is granted/ given/ empowered/ endowed……… are more motivated… power are not rightly supervised and restricted and the class get out of control will lead to/ result in/ turn into/ prove to be flop/ fiasco/ blunder/failure/ catastrophe…。

  3. Elaborate a class进行详细的class描写

  4. 点睛之笔 So is a business.类比其实就是某种层面上的跑题,大部分的跑题是无意识的,但是我们要让这种有目的的跑题为我们的文章服务,这就是学习类比修辞的意义所在。

  4. Personification: (拟人)It gives human form of feelings to animals, or life and personal attributes(赋予) to inanimate(无生命的) objects, or to ideas and abstractions(抽象)。For example, the wind whistled through the trees.

  5. Hyperbole: (夸张) It is the deliberate use of overstatement or exaggeration to achieve emphasis.

  For instance, he almost died laughing.

  6. Understatement: (含蓄陈述) It is the opposite of hyperbole, or overstatement. It achieves its effect of emphasizing a fact by deliberately(故意地) understating it, impressing the listener or the reader more by what is merely implied or left unsaid than by bare statement.For instance, It is no laughing matter.

  7. Euphemism: (委婉) It is the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive(无冒犯) expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant.For instance, we refer to "die" as " pass away".

  8. Metonymy (转喻) It is a figure of speech that has to do with the substitution of the mane of one thing for that of another.For instance, the pen (words) is mightier than the sword (forces)。

  9. Synecdoche (提喻) It is involves the substitution of the part for the whole, or the whole for the part.For instance, they say there‘s bread and work for all. She was dressed in silks.

  10. Antonomasia (换喻)It has also to do with substitution. It is not often mentioned now, though it is still in frequent use.  For example, Solomon for a wise man. Daniel for a wise and fair judge. Judas for a traitor.

  上面的几种修辞手法我们有时候在不经意的时候就用了,刻意的去构思有时候反而想不到,而一般非英语专业的同学也不必每种修辞手法都详细了解并学习。

  11. Pun: (双关语) It is a play on words, or rather a play on the form and meaning of words.

  For instance, a cannon-ball took off his legs, so he laid down his arms. (Here "arms" has two meanings: a person‘s body; weapons carried by a soldier.)

  其实考生在GRE写作备考过程中可以套用一些新GRE写作 模板进行相关的写作练习。在一些需要修饰的地方就可以运用以上11种修辞,这样文章就更有看头,也就更能得高分了。

  以上是天道留学小编给大家介绍的gre写作,gre写作方法, gre考试有什么用等内容,帮助大家了解,请关注天道教育官网。

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